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Dadra and Nagar Haveli

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Capital : Silvassa
District(s): 1
Population : 220,451 (5th)
Density : 449/km² (1,163/sq mi)
Language(s): Marathi, Gujarati
Established: 1961-08-11
   
Dadra and Nagar Haveli ( Portuguese: Dadrá e Nagar-Aveli) is a Union Territory in western India. Nagar Haveli is wedged between Maharashtra and Gujarat, whereas Dadra is an enclave lying a few km north of Nagar Haveli in Gujarat. Silvassa is the shared capital.

Dadra and Nagar Haveli are in the middle of the quite undulating watershed of the of the Daman Ganga River, which flows through the territory. The towns of Dadra and Silvassa both lie on the north bank of the river. The Western Ghats range rises to the east, and the foothills of the range occupy the eastern portion of the district. The territory is landlocked, although the Arabian Sea coast lies just to the west in Gujarat.

The major spoken languages in the territory are Marathi, Hindi and Gujarati.

History
Island Garden Island Garden
To keep the British at bay and to enlist their support against the Mughals, the Marathas, made friends with the Portuguese and signed with them a treaty in 1779. Under this, the Maratha-Peshwa agreed that the Portuguese would be allowed to collect revenues from Dadra and Nagar Haveli which consisted of 72 villages (then known as paraganas, now referred to as district places). It remianed a Portuguese colony, dependent of Daman, from 1779 until 1954 when it was absorbed by India. From 1954 to 1961, the territory was largely self-governing, the administration being done by a body called the Varishta Panchayat of Free Dadra and Nagar Haveli. It became a Union territory in 1961 and is currently represented in the Parliament of India; the Lower House (Lok Sabha) and the Upper House (Rajya Sabha).
These territories were earlier ruled by the Koli chiefs who were defeated by the Hindu kings of Jawhar and Ramnagar. The Marathas had conquered and annexed these territories to their kingdom. Economy
Dadra and Nagar Haveli's gross state domestic product for 2004 is estimated at $218 million in current prices.  Its nominal GDP increased to $360 million in the year 2009 with a per capita GDP of $1,050.
Manufacturing is the main economy in Dadra and Nagar Haveli as the taxes are low — no excise. The territory is run by a Lieutenant Governor.