Allahabad, also known as Prayag, is a metropolitan city in the north indian state of Uttar Pradesh. As of 2011, Allahabad is the seventh most populous city in the state and the 36th most populous city in India, with an estimated population of 1.11 million living in the city and 1.21 million in its metropolitan region.The city of Allahabad is among the largest cities of uttar Pradesh and situated at the confluence of three rivers- Gana, Yamuna and the invisible Saraswati. The meeting point is known as Triveni and is especially sacred to Hindus. It is believed that all sins are cleaned with entry in Prayag. PRAYAG is one of the historic & mythological cities of India with glorious past and present. It continues to enjoy the distinction of being a place of haunting and lasting meories. It is a city of mixed culture of Hindu, Muslims, Jains and Christans.
Allahabad is basically an Adminstrative and Educational city. High Court of Uttar Pradesh, Auditor Genral of Uttar Pradesh, Principal Controller of Defence Accounts ( Pension ) PCDA, Uttar Pradesh Madhymik Shiksha Prishad ( UP BOARD ) office, Police HeadQtrs and in education Moti Lal Nehru Regional Engg. College MNREC, Medical and Agriculture College , Indian institute of information Technology ( IIIT ).
This city was the heart of the Indian Freedom Movement against the British rule with Anand Bhawan being the epicentre. It was in Allahabad when Mahatama Gandhi proposed his program of non-violent resistance to liberate India. Allahabad has provided the largest number of Prime Ministers of independent India Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru, Lal Bahadur Shastri, Indira Gandhi, Rajiv Gandhi, V.P.Singh. Former Prime Minister Chandreshekhra was student of Allahabad university.
Its sanctity is manifested by references to it in Purans, the Ramayan and the Mahabharata. According to Hindu Mythology, Lord Brahma, the creator God of the Trinity, chose a land on earth(ie Prayag) to perform ‘Prakrista Yag’, at the beginning of the creation and he also referred to it as Tirth raj or the King of all piligrimage centres’ As per writing of ‘Padam Puran’ – “As the sun is amongst the moon and the moon amongst the stars, likewise ‘Prayag is best amongst all places of pilgrimage”
The bathing at Prayag is mentioned in Brahma Puran s “ in the month of Magha at the bank of Ganga Yamuna in Prayag bestows results of millions and millions of Ashvmedha Yajna”
Prayag is birth place of Som, Varuna and Prjapati. Prayag has been associated with mythological personalites in Brahmanical(Vedic) and Buddhist Literatures. It was the seat of the great sage Bhardwaj, sage Durvasa and Sage Pannas. Sage Bhardwaj lived here circa 5000BC and taught more than 10000 disciples. He was the greatest philospher of ancient world.
The Present Jhunsi area cery close to sangam was the kingdom of Chandrabanshiya ( lunar clan ) king Pururava. Nearby Kaushambi bloomed to prosperety during Vatsa and Maurya Rule. The earliest monument of antiques Ashok Piller with incriptions of third century B.C. carrys the incriptions of his directions to his fellow rajas and praise of King Samudragupta. The Chinese traveller Huan Tsang in 643 BC found Prayag inhabited by many Hindus who regarded the place very Holy.
1575 CE Emperor Akbar founded the city in by the name of “ ILLAHABAS” which has now become ALLAHABAD meant “ The City of Allaha” impressed with the strategic importance of the SANGAM. in medieval India the city enjoyed the honour of being the religio-cultural center of India. For a long time it was Provincial capital of the Mughals. Later it was captured by Marathas. British History of the city begun in year 1801 CE when the Nawab of Oudh ceded it to the British Throne. British army used the fort for their military purposes.
1857 CE The town was the centre of war of independence and later became the crucible of Indian Freedom Movment against British. In 1858 CE The East India Company officially handed over India to British Goverenment here at Minto Park After the first war of independence the town was named “ALLAHABAD” and was made the capital of United Provience of Agra and Oudh.
1868 CE it became a seat of Justice when Allahabd High Court was established. 1871 CE British architect Sir William Emerson erected a majestic monument All Saint Cathdral.
1887 CE Allahabad become the fourth oldest University. Allahabad has been rich in numerous Victorian and Georgian buildings made in synthesis with Indian architectural tradions.