Bikaner is located in the northern part of Rajasthan, it was was founded by Rao Bhikaji in 1488 C.E. Bikaner is famous for its historical background, forts & palaces, wild life sanctuary and above all
. It was formerly the capital of the princely state of Bikaner.
History of Bikaner
The splendor of the city of Bikaner is still the same even when the glory of its rulers is now only a part of the history. Founded in 1486, it is now a part of the desert tourist triangle and is frequently visited by the tourists. The magnificence of the city is spread everywhere in forms of various temples, forts, palaces and colorful markets.
Binaker's history dates back to 1488 A.D. when a Rathore Prince, Rao Bikaji- a descendant of the founder of Jodhpur(1459 A.D.), Rao Jodhaji, established his kingdom here. Rao Jodhaji had five sons but Rao Bikaji was the most enterprising of them. According to James Tod, the spot which Bika selected for his capital, was the birthright of a Nehra Jat, who would only concede it for this purpose on the condition that his name should be linked in perpetuity with its surrender. Naira, or Nera, was the name of the proprietor, which Beeka added to his own, thus composing that of the future capital, Bikaner.
The strategic location of Bikaner on the ancient caravan routes that came from West/Central Asia, made it a prime trade centre in the times of the yore. Bikaner stands on a slightly raised ground and is cirucmscribed by a seven km long embattled wall with five gates. The magnificent forts and palaces, created with delicacy in redding-pink sandstone, bear testimony to its rich historical and architectural legacy. Undulating lanes, colorful bazaars and bright and cheerful folks make Bikaner and interesting experience.
Places of Interest in Bikaner
The splendid Junagarh Fort is reputed as one of the very few forts in India that have remained unconquered through ages. High walls and wide moat defend the fort and its interiors are sure to leave any onlooker speechless. It also houses various temples and 37 pavilions that are simply matchless in terms of architectural finesse. The major attraction of the fort is the Karan Mahal with gold leaf painting adorning its pillars and walls. Ask for Tour
The sturdy Lalgarh Palace presents a breathtaking example of the fusion of Oriental and European architectural styles. Built of red sandstone, the palace enjoys a distinct identity for its intricate filigree work and latticework. The Shri Sadul Museum, located within the premises, displays collection of ancient artifacts including well-preserved manuscripts, gold & silver plaques and parchments.
Ganga Golden Jubilee Museum
The museum offers a collection of royal costumes, weapons, ornaments, ancient statues and exquisite paintings, one of which depicts the signing of the Versatile Treaty by Ganga Singh. In addition to this, it also has collection of terracotta from the Gupta period.