is a historical and major city in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It is located to the south of Agra, 319 kilometres (198 mi) south of Delhi capital city of India and 423 kilometres (263 mi) north of Bhopal, the state capital. Gwalior occupies a strategic location in the Gird region of India, and the city and its fortress have served as the center of several of historic northern Indian kingdoms.. Gwalior was under the illustrious rule of the Scindias prior to India's independence. Gwalior was once known as Gopadri or Gopachala. Archeological evidence on the Gopadri hill dates back beyond the 5th century CE. It has relics from the period of the Guptas, Huns, Pratiharas, Tomaras, Pathans, Moghuls, Marathas and the British. The temples of interest at Gwalior are the Chaturbhuj temple, the Sas Bahu Temple and the Teli Ka Mandir.
Steeped in the splendour of its past, the ancient capital of Gwalior has yet made a successful transition into a modern Indian city, vibrant and bustling. A multitude of reigning dynasties, of the great Rajput clans of the Pratiharas, Kacchwahas and Tomars have left indelible etchings of their rule in this city of palaces, temples and monuments. Gwalior's tradition as a royal capital continued until the formation of present day India, with the Scindias having their dynastic seat here. The magnificent mementoes of a glorious past have been preserved with care, giving Gwalior an appeal unique and timeless.
Gwalior where a rich cultural tradition has been interwoven into the fabric of modern life. Where a princely past lives on in great palaces and their museums. Where a multitude of images merge and mix to present to the visitor a city of enduring greatness.
Places to see in Gwalior
The Chaturbhuj temple
dedicated to Vishnu is located on the eastern road to the fort. It is a rock cut
monolith. It was built by the grandson of Nagarabhatta in the year 875 CE during the period of Pratiharas
(Mihira Bhoja). Nagarabhatta is said to have migrated here from Gujarat. Inscriptions in sanskrit are seen here which speak of endowments made to this temple and to the Nava Durga
The Sasbahu temples
meaning the Mother in law and the Daughter in law temples are located on the eastern slope of the Gopadri hill. Both of these temples, built in the Nagara
style of architecture are dedicated to Padmanabha
or Vishnu. Both these temples are ornately decorated. The doorways, ceilings, and the pillars are covered with intricate sculptural work. The Sas temple was completed in 1093 CE, as evidenced from an inscription.
Jai Vilas Mahal
Teli Ka Mandir
located in Gwalior dates back to the 9th century CE. It is the highest building in the fort of Gwalior, reaching a height of 100 feet. Most of the decorative details in this temple follow the North Indian idiom, while the tower is in the Dravidian
style. Near this temple is the Suraj Kund
, a tank believed to have miraculous healing properties. Legend has it that King Suraj Pal, said to be the founder of Gwalior fort, was cured of leprosy upon bathing here.
Also in the fort is a tomb to Tansen
, the musician who adorned the court of Akbar. Several Jain
sculptures dating back to the 15th century CE adorn the slopes of the hill.
in the fort include the Gurjari Mahal
built by Raja Mansingh in the 15th century CE, the Raja Mansingh palace,
the Jai Vilas palace,
and the Moti Mahal palace
- with mosaic work of colored glass and murals depicting Ragas
. A memorial to Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi is also seen in Gwalior.