is the capital city of the state of Uttar Pradesh in Inida. Lucknow is one of the major metropolitan cities of India and is the administrative headquarters of Lucknow District and Lucknow Division. Lucknow has always been known as a multicultural city and it flourished as a cultural and artistic hub of Northm India in the 18th and 19th centuries and as a seat of power of Nawabs. Located in what was historically known as Awadh, Lucknow has always been a multicultural city. Courtly manners, beautiful gardens, qawwalis, chikan work embroidery, and the contributions of Urdu poets patronized by Lucknow nawabs are well known among South Asians and students of South Asian culture and history.
The Asafi Imambara
History of Lucknow
In ancient times, Lucknow was part of the Kosala kingdom ruled by the Suryavanshi. Other stories mention that Lucknow was named after a very influential person called 'Lakhana Ahir' who was chief artisan of the fort 'Qila Lakhan'. The name 'Qila Lakhan' later became Lucknow.
The subah of Awadh, known as the granary of India, was important strategically for the control of the fertile plain between the Ganga and the Yamuna rivers known as the Doab. It was a wealthy kingdom, able to maintain its independence against threats from the Marathas, the British Afghans.
Situated in the heart of Uttar Pradesh, 500 km south-east of New Delhi, it is also close to Kanpur which is the industrial and financial capital of the state. Lucknow is surrounded on the eastern side by Barabanki District, on the western side by Unnao District, on the southern side by Raebareli District and on the northern side by the Sitapur and Hardoi districts. The Gomti River flows through the city, dividing it into the trans-gomti and cis-gomti regions. Some of the tributaries of this river are the Kukrail, Loni, and Beta. The Sai River flows from the south of the city, flows eastwards, and enters the Raebareli District.
Tourist attractions in Lucknow
The Asafi Imambara
Popularly called Bada Imambara, the Chhota Imambara, Residency, Shah Najaf, La Martiniere, are some famous must see monuments at Lucknow. The famous Bhul Bhulaiya (Labyrinth) is part of the famous Asafi Imambara. The other places of interest are Clock Tower, Picture Gallery , Chattar Manzil, State Museum/Lucknow Zoo, Shaheed Smarak & Dilkusha.
Ambedkar Memorial park and Lohia park
Lucknow has several well kept parks that attract the citizenry in large numbers on evenings, holidays and weekends. The bigger parks Ambedkar Memorial park and Lohia park in Gomtinagar, Swarn Jayanti park in Indiranagar, Dilkusha Park , Begum Hazrat Mahal Park ,Globe Park, Mukherjee Phuhaar , Haathi Park, Buddha Park and Neebu Park in other parts of the city. The National Botanical Garden at Sikandarbagh is also worth visiting.
Two of the oldest schools in the world are also situated in Lucknow:
La Martiniere, founded by the bequest of the immensely successful colonial entrepreneur Claude Martin 1735 -1800 and Sir Auckland Colvin K.C.M.G., C.I.E. (Lieutenant Governor of the N. W. Provinces) while functioning as Lieutenant Governor of Avadh and Agra during the year 1889, conceived the idea of a school with the object of imparting education to the children of the British administrators and the landed aristocracy who were known as Taluqdars. The 'wards' class, founded in 1884, formed the nucleus for the establishment of Colvin Taluqedars College, Locations of interest in and around Lucknow include Kukrail Reserve Forest(a picnic spot and Gharial rehablitaion centre), Malihabad (home of the famed Dashahri mangoes), Kanpur, Allahabad, Varanasi and Mirzapur.
a quaint bazaar quite like Delhi's Chandni Chowk, is situated in the heart of the city and is a large shopping centre, catering to a wide variety of consumers. The Hazratganj area is the upmarket shopping area with colonial style buildings that also has a number of government and administrative buildings. A popular past-time among the locals is strolling across the Hazratganj market, sometimes shopping along with is known as 'Ganjing'. The Janpath was quite a hang out place for the youngsters of the city in late 80's and early the early 90's. Places like The Times Book Shop, Kalakunj, The Mini Mehal and the Gallery at Universal were the best places to be seen. Rover's with Rs 3 burgers and special hari chutney was always crowded in the evenings.
Some of the historical buildings once part of the beauty of this city are now dilapidated owing to the negligence of the government and the related authorities. Among them the most prominent one was the enchanting "Chand Mehal".