in Malyalam is the chief port city of the Indian state of Karnataka. It is located about 350 kilometres (220 mi) west of the state capital, Bangalore. Mangalore lies between the Arabian Sea and the Western Ghat mountain ranges, and is the administrative headquarters of the Dakshina Kannada(formerly South Canara) district in south western Karnataka. With its pristine beaches, broad roads and calm localities this coastal city was declared the eighth cleanest city in India. Mangalore ranked India's 13th place in top business destination and in Karnataka its second after Bangalore. Mangalore is the gateway to Karnataka. It is one of the five talukas (other than Bantwal, Puttur, Sullia, Belthangady taluks) of the Dakshina Kannada District. This District formerly had 8 talukas, but these were split in August 1997 and the remaining talukas, namely Udupi, Kundapur and Karkala then formed a part of the Udupi district. Mangalore is named after the goddess Mangaladevi. Other names used by the locals are 'Mangalooru' (Kannada), 'Kudla' (Tulu), 'Kodial' (Konkani), 'Mikala' (Beary) and 'Mangalapuram (Malayalam).
It developed as a port on the Arabian Sea—remaining, to this day, a major port of India. Lying on the backwaters of the Netravati and Gurupura rivers, Mangalore is often used as a staging point for sea traffic along the Malabar Coast dating back to the 14th century. With its strategic location, it was occupied by a number of dynasties and colonial rulers - namely the Portuguese in the mid-16th century. In the 18th century its control was contested by Haidar Ali and Tipu Sultan on one hand and the British on the other. Under the Mysore sultans (1763) it became a strategic ship building base, which was ceded to the British in 1799 after numerous sieges.Mangalore
Mangalore is becoming more cosmopolitan and you will find many languages are spoken here. Any person coming to Mangalore won't have any difficulty speaking a number of languages because of the mixed culture. Here you can find all types of people from across India. There are many people from North India who speak Gujarathi, Marwadi, Bhojpuri, Punjabi, Bihari, Sindhi, Kashmiri, Bengali etc. In addition, there are many students from East India (Assam, Meghalaya, Manipur, Nagaland etc.). Many people from Mangalore are working abroad. Mangaloreans are famous for their generosity.
Mangalore is one of the fastest developing cities in India. Many multi-national corporations and domestic corporations are opening their branches in Mangalore. Many reputed builders bring their huge development projects. There is very good growth in the retail sector, and many new shopping malls are being built.
Mangalore is a blend of new and old! With the increasing influx of students from various states of India and different parts of the world, Mangalore has virtually become a 'melting pot' of cultures, given the various communities that make up the social framework of Mangalore - the Tuluvas (Bunts, Billawas, Brahmins,Jains, Mogaveeras), the Brahmins, the Konkani Catholics, the Bearys, the Goud-Saraswath Brahmins (Konkanas), etc.
Mangalore's economy is dominated by the agricultural processing and port-related activities. The New Mangalore Port is India's ninth largest port, in terms of cargo handling. It handles 75 per cent of India's coffee exports and the bulk of its cashew nuts.