is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is the most populous city in India, second most populous metropolitan area in India, and the fifth most populous city in the world, with an estimated city population of 18.4 million and metropolitan area population of 20.7 million as of 2011. Mumbai city is known as the business capital of India, it being the country's principal financial and communications centre. The city has the largest and the busiest port handling India's foreign trade and a major Interntional airport. India's largest Stock Exchange which ranks as the third largest in the world, is situated in Mumbai. Here, trading of stocks is carried out in billions of rupees everyday. Discription about Mumbai/Bombay can not be complete without the mention of Bollywood, the biggest Indian film industry which churns out hundreds of Hindi block-busters every year.
Tourist Attraction in Mumbai
Gateway of India
The name Mumbai
is derived from Mumba
—the name of the Koli goddess Mumbadevi—and Aai
, "mother" in the language of Marathi, The mother tongue of the Koli. Mumbai is built on what was once an archipelago of seven islands: Bombay Island, Parel, Mazagaon, Mahim, Colaba, Worli and Old Woman's Islands (also known as Little Colaba
). It is not exactly known when these islands were first inhabited. Pleistocene sediments found along the coastal areas around Kandivali in northern Mumbai suggest that the islands were inhabited since the Stone Age. It's India's big-money business centre, and where the beautiful people hang out. Built on elegant colonial foundations are flashy skyscrapers and designer boutiques, which give it cool, glitz and glamour. As one of the key ports on the Indian Ocean trade routes, foreigners have been visiting here since Ptolemy arrived in 150 AD. The Portuguese took the area over from the Sultan of Gujarat in 1534, and then gave it away as a wedding present to Charles II of England in 1661 when he married Catherine of Braganza. In 1668, it was handed over to the fledgling East India Company under which it flourished.Mumbai
Mumbai was given by Portuguese as dowry to Charles II of England when he married Catherine. The group of seven island was leased to the East India Company who offered freedom of business and religion to persons who came and settled here. Initially a few Parsis and Gujarati came but soon a sizeable population began to thrive here. This was way back in the 17th century. Today also Mumbai is a city of migrants. People from all over the country have come and settled here. This gives the society of Mumbai a multi-lingual and multi-cultural colour.
The Gateway of India :
The ceremonial arch was built to commemorate the visit of King George V and Queen Mary. Complete with four turrets and intricate latticework carved into the yellow basalt stone, Gateway of India is the most famous monument and starting point for most tourists who want to explore the city. It is situated on the Apollo Bunder.
Elephanta Island :
Elephanta Cave Island - 10 Kms across Bombay harbour is a small island called Elephanta or Gharpure. It contains a fine cluster of 6th-8th century rock cut caves. The sculptures are beatifully executed and the most outstanding of these is the Mahesmurthy or Trimurthi, a five metre (18 ft) high three headed bust hewn from a single rock. Representing the three aspects of Shiva, viz. The creator. The preserver and the destroyer.
Prince of Wales Museum :
Built in 1914, the Prince of Wales Museum is surrounded by a beautiful landscape making an ideal getaway from the busy lifestyle of the city. One of the best museums in the country, it is a treasure house of art, sculpture, china, rare coins, and old firearms. It also houses priceless collection of miniature paintings.
Marine Drive :
Overlooking the Marine Drive are the beautiful Kamala Nehru Park and the Hanging Gardens. This is one most ideal place to hangout in the evening.
Chattrapati Shivaji Terminus :
Chattrapati Shivaji Terminus is an imposing structure formerly known as Victoria Terminus. Built in 1888, designed by Frederick William Stevenson, the entire fa�ade is covered by sculpture of animals and birds.
A visit to the film studios
in Mumbai is easy to arrange - just tell the tourist office you'd like to see a film being made and they'll fix it all up for you. It's a real education, as we found when we turned up at Famous Film Studios. For a start the film production company and the studios are totally separate. Mumbai has about 12 studios and far more film makers. When they want to make a film they simply hire the studio by the day. Nor are Indian films made one-at-a-time as in the west. A big star could be involved in a number of films simultaneously - shooting a day on one, a week on another, a morning on a third. This involves phenomenal scheduling and also means that Indian films generally take a long time to make.
A glance at Indian film posters or film magazines gives you the impression that Indian movie actors are a band of escapees from weight watchers. Well there's no glamour in being thin in India. Every beggar on the street is skinny; it's the well padded look which appeals. It's amsuing to see how this works on western films shown in India - familiar European and American film stars become remarkably rotund when they're repainted for the Indian posters.
The entertainment industry is the other major employer in Mumbai. Most of India's major television and satellite networks are headquartered in Mumbai, as well as its major publishing houses. The centre of the Hindi movie industry, Bollywood, is also located in Mumbai, along with its largest studios and movie production houses.