is a town in the Amer District in the Indian sttate of Rajasthan. It is situated 14 km (8.7 mi) northwest of Ajmer at an average elevation of 510 m (1,670 ft) and is one of the five sacred dhams (pilgrimage site) for devout Hindus Pushkar a small, magical, desert edge town having area of 16.34 sq. km at an average elevation of 1673 ft which is in the state of Rajasthan in India with the population of 14,789. This small city is situated 14 Km from Ajmer and is one of the five sacred pilgrimage sites for devout Hindus which is often called as "Tirth Raj" and has became popular destination for foreign tourists recently.
. The date of its actual founding is not known, but legend associates Lord Brahma with its creation. Pushkar boast for the India's only Brahma temple among the very few in the world
History of Pushkar
Pushkar is one of the oldest cities of India. The date of its actual founding is not known, but legend associates Lord Brahma with its creation.
According to legend, Brahhma was in search of a place for Mahayagna
and he found this place suitable. After a long time, Brahma came to known that a demon, Vajranash, was killing people here so the Lord intoned a mantra on a lotus flower and killed the demon. During this process the parts of flower fell on three places which were later known as Jyaistha, Madhya and Kanistha Pushkar. After this Brahma performed a yagna to protect this place from demons. The consort of Brahma, Saraswati, were needed to offer Ahuti
for the yagna but she was not there that time so Gayatri, a Gurjar girl, was married to brahma and performned yagna. This act made first wife of Brahma, Saraswati, angry and she cursed Brahma saying that he would be worshiped in Pushkar only.
The holy city of Pushkar is situated on the banks of the Pushkar Lake. Pushkar is about 11-kms away from Ajmer (and approximately 132 kms from Jaipur, Rajasthan). Pushkar is one of the most sacred places for the Hindus. The Pushkar city has the only temple of lord Brahma, not only in India but also the world. No pilgrimage is considered complete without a holy dip in the sacred Pushkar Lake. The Pushkar city has more than 400 temples and 52 Ghats (bathing places).
The Pushkar Lake also has a mythological significance associated with it. According to the Hindu mythology, Lord Brahma, the creator of the world, was on his way to search an abode on the earth to perform a "Yagna' (fire sacrifice). As he was mulling over, few lotus petals fell from his hand on the earth (in and around Pushkar) and water sprouted from those places. One of these places was Pushkar where Lord Brahma performed the Yagna. Considered a heaven for the religiously inclined, Pushkar is also the venue of one of the country's most colorful cattle fairs - the Pushkar Camel Fair.
Surrounded by hills on three sides and sand dunes on the other, Pushkar is a city of temples. The most famous of them is the Brahma temple. The 'Nag Pahar' or the Snake Mountain forms a natural boundary between Ajmer and Pushkar. The holy Pushkar Lake is another sacred spot in the city, where thousands of pilgrims take the holy dip. The Pushkar Lake has around 52 Ghats. The place is one of the most important tourist attractions during the Pushkar Camel Fair
Pushkar has had a great strategic importance since historical times and was at the receiving end during the Ghaznavid invasions. During the Mughal period Pushkar became one of the favorite residential places of the Mughal emperors. It was at Pushkar that the British ambassador, Sir Thomas Roe met with Jehangir in the year 1616. In the year 1818, Pushkar came under the British, becoming one of the few places in Rajasthan controlled directly by British. Because of its old heritage, Pushkar begets a legacy of timeless architectural heritage.
Places to see in Pushkar
A temple dedicated to the first wife of Lord Brahma the Savitri temple is located on the hill behind the Brahma Temple which can be reached by a flight of steps.The temple offers a panoramic view of the lake and the surrounding desertscape.
On the banks if pushkar is the magnificent palace built by Raja Man Singh 1 of Amer now converted into the RTDC Hotel sarovar it offers a comfortable accommodation to the visitors.
The Brahma Temple
It is the only temple in India dedicated to Lord braham. The temple is marked by a red spire and over the entrance gateway us a beautiful statue carrier of Lord Brahma.
The pious Pushkar Lake, believed to have been created by the falling of lotus from the hand of Lord Brahma. It is considered to be as old as the creation. The lake is considered as one of the most sacred spots, and believed that one dip in the waters of lake on Kartika Poornima is equivalent to performing yagnas for several hundred years.
The charming lake amidst the hills has fifty-two bathing ghats, built around lake. The water around each ghat is supposed to have special powers. The Naga Kund is belived to give fertility, Roop Tirth gives beauty and charm, Kapil Vyapi Kund water helps in curing leprosy and a dip in the Mrikand Muni Kund grants the boon of wisdom.
Fairs & Festivals in Pushkar
The famous Pushkar Fair is a great tourist attraction. People from around the globe come to the ancient religious town of Pushkar which is transformed into a spectacular fair ground in the month of Kartik. People bathe, worship and delight in the dazzling wares of roadside stalls. Camels are bought, sold, beautified, raced and parade. Most unusual are the small groups of men and women seen busy tattooing their hands and other parts of the body.
Pushkar fair continues for five days and these five days are a period of relaxation and merry-making for the villagers. This fair time is the most busy time for them, as this is one of the largest cattle fairs in the country. Animals, including over 50,000 camels, are brought from miles around to be traded and sold. Trading is brisk as several thousand heads of cattle exchange hands.
The fair is predominantly a rural gathering. Villagers come from different parts of the state and bring their cattle with them. On spectacular sanddunes camel, horse and bullock races are great crowd pullers. All roads lead to the lake, which is flooded with pilgrims. The movement of the crowd is like a tide of colour with currents of crimson, yellow and turquoise.
Evenings at the Pushkar Fair have their own charm. The silent night is pierced by calls of camels. Ballads are sung by actors in passionate tones. Folk dramas, skits and folk dance are organised for the entertainment of the tourists. The Rajasthan Tourism Development Corporation (RTDC) puts up a tourist village during the fair.
The tourist village is self sufficient and specially designed to complement the natural beauty of the site. It has a Coffee Shop and Dining Hall which can cater to 1 500 guests at a time. The village is arranged in blocks of tents, each with its own identity, being named after the famous dances of Rajasthan. The village also has huts with attached western style toilets and running water. One can also stay in Sarovar Hotel, Pushkar and Khadim Tourist Bunglow at Ajmer.