is an Indian national park located in the Alwar district of the state of Rajasthan. This area was a hunting preserve of the erstwhile Alwar state and it was declared a wildlife reserve in 1955. In 1978, it was given the status of a tiger reserve making it a part of India's Project Tiger scheme. The present area of the park is 866 km². The park is situated 107 km from Jaipur and 200 km from Delhi.The Northern Aravali Hills dominate the skyline with their mixture of sharp cliffs and long narrow valleys. The landscape of Sariska comprises of hills and narrow valleys of the Aravali hill range. The topography of Sariska supports scrub-thorn arid forests, dry deciduous forests, rocks and grasses. The broad range of wildlife here is a wonderful example of ecological adoption and tolerance, for the climate here is variable as well as erratic.
Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary
History of Sariska
The reserve is also the location of several sites of historical importance such as the 16th-century Kankwadi fort, originally built by Jay Singh II, is located near the centre of the park. The Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb briefly imprisoned there his brother Dara Shikoh in the struggle for succession of the throne. Pandupol in the hills in the centre of the reserve is believed to be one of the retreats of Pandava.
Sariska is home to animals like the tiger, hyena, sambhar, wildcat, langur, wild boar, nilgai, leopard and the chital. On travel to Sariska you will be able to view these animals in their full jungle glory. However the tiger population in Sariska is fast decreasing and it is feared that the tiger is an extinct species in Sariska. The peafowl, partridge, great Indian horned owl, eagle and the white-breasted kingfisher represent the avian species. If you travel to Sariska don't forget to visit the ancient monuments scattered around the place, which are excellent places for exploration.
Sariska is one of the very few wildlife sanctuaries in India that offers visitors the chance to view wildlife from very close quarters. It is well known that during the morning and evening hours in Sariska, its wildlife population heads towards many of the water holes scattered around the park. So you can just book a hide near one of these water holes, grab a camera and get your fill of wildlife viewing. Even though the park is open throughout the year, the best time to travel to Sariska is from the month of October to June.
Tourist Attraction in Sariska
The best and the most attractive feature of the Sariska Tiger Reserve has always been its Bengal Tigers. This is the first ever Tiger Reserve in the world where the relocation of tigers has been done successfully, makes it one of a kind. The best part of the relocation is that these tigers adapted the place very quickly which is resulting in the growth of their population.Some of the most famous tourist attractions you can visit when you travel to Sariska are listed below.
This fort is one of the historic landmarks located within the Sariska national park. The Kankawadi Fort is the place where Emperor Aurangzeb once imprisoned his brother, Dara Shikoh. Perched on a hill, this fort also offers a great view of Sariska's avian population in full flight. It is one of the sites you must visit if you travel to Sariska.
The picturesque Siliserh Lake is situated along the edge of the Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary. A number of crocodiles inhabit this lake, which is one of the main attractions in Sariska. A hunting lodge that overlooks the lake is a nice place to spend your vacation.
Situated within the Sariska tiger sanctuary are the Neelkanth or Shiva temples, that were built somewhere between the 6th-13th century AD. Even though these temples are now in ruins, we still get a fair idea of their former beauty and magnificence.
Bird watchers should always carry binoculars on their bird watching trips. All visitors to the Keoladeo Ghana Park, Bharatpur need to get an entry permit available at the entrance. International tourists need to pay an entry fee of Rs 200 whereas the domestic tourists have to pay Rs 25 as their entry fee. Extra charges have to be paid for cameras and other electronic equipments.