, is a city, a Municipal Corporation and the administrative headquarters of the Udaipur district in the state of Raasthan in western India. It is located 403 kilometres (250 mi) southwest of the state capital, Jaipur, 576 km (358 mi) southwest of Alwar, 248 km (154 mi) west of Kota, and 250 km (155 mi) northeast from Ahmedabad. Udaipur is the historic capital of the kingdom of Mewar in the former Rajputana Agency. The Sisodia clan of Rajputs ruled the Mewar and its capital was shifted from Chittorgarh to Udaipur after founding city of Udaipur by Maharana Uday Singh. The Mewar province became part of Rajasthan after India became independent. Udaipur is a city as romantic as a dream, with marble palaces gently afloat in a lake surrounded by low lying hills and other impressive palaces dominating the skyline with their many turrets and cupolas, imposing doorways and delicately chiselled windows. The lake here was artificially created in the 14th century, two hundred years before the city was founded by the Maharanas of Chittorgarh as the capital of the indomitable Mewar. A bastion wall encircles it. There were five gates armed withiron spikes and the largest palace in Rajasthan, the City Palace, stands on the ridge, overlooking the steel blue waters of the Lake Pichola.
History of Udaipur
Udaipur was founded in 1553 by Maharana Udai Singh II as the final capital of the erstwhile Mewar kingdom, located in the fertile circular valley -"Girwa" to the southwest of Nagda, on the Banas river, the first capital of the Mewar kingdom. There are several palaces, lakes and temples in and around the city. Udaipur had 11 entry points or gates, of which five can be seen today. It is situated around Aravalli hills.
The city of Dawn, Udaipur is a lovely land around the blue green water lakes, bounded by the lush hills of the Aravalis. A vision in white drenched in romance and beauty. Udaipur is a fascinating blend of sights, sounds and experiences an inspiration for the imagination of poets, painters and writers.
Udaipur is the jewel of Mewar a kingdom ruled by the Siodia dynasty for 200 years. Maharana Udai Singh II, in the wake of 16th century emergence of artillery warfare decided to move his capital to a more secure location, importance of which he had realized during his exile at Kumbhalgadh. Ayad was flood-prone, hence he chose the ridge east of Pichola Lake to start his new capital city, where he came upon a HERMIT while hunting in the foothills of the Aravalli Range. The hermit blessed the king and asked him to build a palace on the spot, assuring him it would be well protected. Maharana followed the advised of the hermit and founded the city in 1559 AD.
Palaces to see in Udaipur
The palace overlooks Pichchola lake. The main entrance is the Tripolia, the triple arched gate. The notable sights in the palace are the peacock mosaics, the balcony and the ceramic art works.
The lake has two lake palaces on it (see picture). The lake has around it hills, palaces and temples. Good spot for sight-seeing.
Another lake surrounded by hills. It was constructed by Maharana Fateh Singh. At the centre of the lake is a garden.
About 3 km away is Ahar, the then Capital of the Mewar rulers.
Jagdish temple, the largest in the town; Saheliyon-ki-Bari, a garden with fountains; Gulab Bagh, a rose garden.